Does your loved one suffer from dementia? If yes, managing their changing behaviors can be a bit challenging. During the early stages, the common behaviors of dementia patients like repeating story or asking same questions again and again can be annoying; but not that much stressful.
As the disease grows, the behaviors can become more dangerous. There are three behaviors like common, challenging and potentially harmful.
The Common Behaviors –
The common behaviors are repetitive; they can be either verbal like (repeating the same statement, story or question over and over again). But what can you do?
- You can consider distracting them by changing the topics and discussing other things.
- You can get them involved in any physical activity like a simple craft or household chore.
- You can respond to the emotions instead of reacting to what they are doing exactly.
- You should use memory aids like writing notes and reminders.
- You can respond with a brief explanation and make corrections like suggestions rather than scolding much
Another common behavior is wandering. It can be dangerous, especially if they want to get out of the house. It’s quite unsafe for them to do so; or if they want to get away from you or something else. In this situation, what can you do?
- You should monitor your loved one’s whereabouts to understand wherever he or she is at all times.
- You have to make sure that home is safe by limiting access to potentially dangerous areas.
- You should ensure that your friends, family, and neighbors know that your loved one is suffering from dementia and he or she may wander.
- You should consider distracting them to minimize their restlessness and anxiety levels.
- You should make a proper plan ahead of them in case they wander away
The Challenging Behaviors –
The challenging behaviors like yelling, outbursts and screaming may happen suddenly without apparent reason. Even, they can lead to a frustrating situation. So, what can you do to handle your near and dear ones?
- First of all, you have to stay calm and patient
- You should assess the level of danger properly
- You have to soothe and redirect them gently to do any relaxing activity
- You should try your best to know the cause and minimize the triggers as possible
- You have to check them for pain or any other type of health problem
- You should take a break and give yourself a moment if it’s safe to do so
Hallucinations like feeling, smelling, seeing, hearing or tasting things which can’t be verified by anyone else, are considered as challenging behaviors. Even, the same goes for paranoia, unreasonable suspicion or unrealistic blaming belief. They may happen because the disease may cause perceiving things in new and unusual ways. So, what can you do in these situations?
- You should never argue with them.
- You have to give them proper assurance that they are safe and secure.
- You should redirect them to discuss other topics.
- You have to change the environment if possible.
The Potentially Harmful Behaviors –
Hitting, biting and throwing things are just a few harmful behaviors. What can you do in these circumstances?
- You should remain calm and patient
- You have to redirect or soothe them smoothly to other activities
- You should let them express their feelings while maintaining safety
- You have to assess the event that caused the extreme reaction and try to avoid them in the near future
Bottom Line –
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Our home care agency goes to every extent to make sure that our patients get companionship, peace of mind, healthy lifestyle, safety, independence and comfort in the best way as possible. To know more how our
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